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The NIDA 5 - employees drug testing
The process of drug testing in USA was initiated in the latter part of the 1980s. During this ...
Types of testing
Pre-employment drug testing Drug testing for prospective employees is very widely u...

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General Drug Test

Types of testing

Pre-employment drug testing

Drug testing for prospective employees is very widely undertaken by organizations. Such testing is comparatively less costly as only one type of testing is done. Generally, pre-employment drug testing involves only urine testing. Some people have challenged the effectiveness of such testing because of the possibility of the date of the test or the sample being manipulated. Moreover, there are chances that the urine sample might be exchanged. On account of this reason, a few organizations resort to the measure of having the prospective employee provide a urine sample in the presence of a witness. However, this measure threatens the individual’s privacy. Also, there are chances of ‘shy bladder syndrome’. So, the use of witnesses in obtaining a urine sample is generally done only in prisons and in drug treatment programs. In case witnesses are not used, certain other measures are undertaken to ensure that the sample is not manipulated. These measures include cutting off water supply in the testing room to ensure that water is not mixed in the sample. Sometimes, if water supply is available, the water is made blue in color so as to detect if an attempt has been made to dilute the sample. Some drug testing centers resort to measures such as requiring the individual to wear a gown while providing the sample.

The NIDA 5 - employees drug testing

The process of drug testing in USA was initiated in the latter part of the 1980s. During this period, the employees of the federal government as well as those who are covered under the DOT regulations. The guidelines for drug testing have been developed and are controlled by SAMHSA i.e. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. In the past, these guidelines used to be monitored by NIDA i.e. National Institute on Drug Abuse. As per DOT regulations, it is necessary that employees who are engaged in driving wherein public safety is important, such as in case of trains, buses, planes, trucks, etc. undergo drug testing. People who are engaged in occupations wherein they are required to deal with oil and gas also need to undergo drug testing. The guidelines specify testing for 5 different groups of drugs, which are: